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An Agent Classification

Russell & Norvig classify agents into 4 categories, from least to most complex.

Simple Reflex (Stimulus-response) Agents

agent_reflex.gif

These agents react to immediate stimuli. They have no memory at all. The percept sequence is just the immediate environment sensed by the agent's sensors.

Nevertheless, they are capable of behaviour of considerable complexity, especially if they are part of a Multi-Agent system.

These agents are also referred to as stimulus-response agents [Nilsson]. We look at this type of agent in more detail later.

Note the "condition-action rules" in the diagram. These are production rules. Other representations are also possible.

Reflex agent with state

agent_state.gif

These agents have a memory of state. They can remember earlier experiences. These can be combined with current information from sensors to produce a more sophisticated response to the environment.

Goal based agents

agent_goal.gif

Goal based agents can plan ahead before making their actual 'move' in their environment. They use various more or less sophisticated search methods to search a state space of potential future environments, as a chess player might do in his head before actually moving a piece. Future potential 'positions' are evaluated as to how close they are to the goals of the agent.

Utility Based Agents

agent_utility.gif

At this level agents have acquired human aspects. Utility is an economic term (from micro economics) related to the concepts of happiness and personal preferences. This level of ability is beyond the present capabilities of present AI.

Информация любезно предоставлена сайтом http://www.ryerson.ca (http://www.ryerson.ca/~dgrimsha/courses/cps720/agentclass.html)

Attachment sort Action Size Date Who Comment
agent_goal.gif manage 85.7 K 18 May 2004 - 19:21 AndreySalnikov? Goal based agents
agent_reflex.gif manage 95.8 K 18 May 2004 - 19:22 AndreySalnikov? Simple Reflex (Stimulus-response) Agents
agent_state.gif manage 88.9 K 18 May 2004 - 19:22 AndreySalnikov? Reflex agent with state
agent_utility.gif manage 81.0 K 18 May 2004 - 19:24 AndreySalnikov? Utility Based Agents

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Topic revision r1.2 - 25 May 2004 - 08:31 GMT - AndreyUstyuzhanin
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